Agreements Of The Delegates At The Constitutional Convention

On 31 May, delegates debated the structure of the congress and how to choose its members. The division of legislative power into the upper and lower houses was well known and received broad support. The British Parliament had an elected House of Lords and a hereditary House of Lords. With the exception of Pennsylvania, there were two-chamber parliaments in all states. [56] Delegates quickly agreed that every house in Congress should be able to develop bills. They also agreed that the new Congress would have all the legislative powers of the Federal Congress and the right of veto over state laws. [57] Three months after the Constitution was signed, Thomas Jefferson wrote to Madison saying it was a grave mistake to omit a bill. “A bill,” he said, “is what the people find against any government on earth.” And many others have agreed. When the Constitution was ratified by the states, many people were opposed to the Constitution simply because it did not contain a bill. In Massachusetts and six other states, ratification conventions have recommended adding a bill with rights to the Constitution. And shortly after the first session of Congress in 1789, he responded to the request of the seven states and approved ten constitutional amendments (designed by James Madison) that became the Bill of Rights. The Convention rejected the veto of Congress. In his place, Martin proposed a language drawn from the New Jersey plan, unanimously approved by the convention: “that the legislative acts of the United States, adopted on the basis of the statutes of the Union, and all treaties concluded and ratified under the authority of the United States, will be the supreme right of the States concerned .

. . . and that the . . . Member States are bound by their decisions. [113] Progress was slow until mid-July, when the Connecticut compromise made sufficient arguments for a proposed retail commission to be accepted. Although further changes and compromises were made in the weeks that followed, most of the draft remained in place and can be found in the drafting of the Constitution. Once several other issues were resolved, the style committee developed the final version in early September. It was voted on by delegates, inscribed on parchment engraved for printing and signed on September 17, 1787 by 39 delegates out of fifty-five.

The proposed constitution was then made available to the public to begin the debate and ratification process. After the latest amendments, the Style and Arrangement Commission was appointed “to revise and organize the style of the articles that had been agreed by the house.” Unlike other commissions whose members were appointed so that committees would include members from different regions, the latter did not include advocates for small states.

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